Static constructor in CSharp(C#.Net)

In C# supports various type of constructors. Basically, a constructor is a special method of a class which have the same name as its class name that allows to establish the state of the object or initialize class fields when the class is created. Constructor have some following properties

      1. It has the same name of the class.

      2. It does not have a return type.

      3. It can be private, public or static depend on class type.

      4. Constructors can be overloaded by the number and type of parameter.

 

      Here, I discuss about static constructor. According to MSDN, A static constructor is used to initialize any static data, or to perform a particular action that needs to be performed once only. It is called automatically before the first instance is created or any static members are referenced. Static constructors have the following properties:

      1. A static constructor does not take access modifiers or have parameters.

      2. A static constructor is called automatically to initialize the class before the first instance is created or any static members are referenced.

      3. A static constructor cannot be called directly.

      4. The user has no control on when the static constructor is executed in the program.

      5. A typical use of static constructors is when the class is using a log file and the constructor is used to write entries to this file.

      6. Static constructors are also useful when creating wrapper classes for unmanaged code, when the constructor can call the LoadLibrary method.

      7. If a static constructor throws an exception, the runtime will not invoke it a second time, and the type will remain uninitialized for the lifetime of the application domain in which your program is running.

 

For use the of Static Constructor have a look at Static constructor

namespace StaticConstructor
{
  
    class Exam
    {
        public int Eng { get; set; }
        public int Hindi { get; set; }
        public int Math { get; set; }
        public static int Min { get; set; }
        public static int Max { get; set; }
        public int Total { get; set; }
        static Exam() //this call only once during class load.
        {
            Max = 100;
            Min = 35;
            Console.WriteLine("Max Mark of each subject {0} and Required Minimum Marks {1} in each Subject ", Max, Min);
        }
        public Exam(int _eng, int _hin, int _math)
        {
            Eng = _eng;
            Hindi = _hin;
            Math = _math;
        }
        public string getTotal()
        {
            Total = Eng + Hindi + Math;
            if (Eng <= Min || Hindi <= Min || Math <= Min)
            {
                return "Fail with " + Total.ToString() + " MArks";
            }
            else
            {
                return "Pass with " + Total.ToString() + " MArks";
            }
        }
    }

    class Program
    {
        static void Main(string[] args)
        {
            Exam exam1 = new Exam(58, 56, 85);
            Console.WriteLine(exam1.getTotal());

            Exam exam2 = new Exam(23, 55, 67);
            Console.WriteLine(exam2.getTotal());
            Console.Read();
        }
    }
}

Output is:- 

static-constructor, static-constructor in C#, OOPS 

     In this example, class Exam has a static constructor and parameterized Constructor. This class calculates total of the marks obtain in the Subjects (Eng, Hindi & Math) which are properties and have two Static properties Min , Max for minimum  & maximum marks  When the first instance of Exam is created (exam1), the static constructor is invoked to initialize the class. The Example output verifies that the static constructor runs only one time, even though two instances (exam1, exam2) of Exam are created, and that it runs before the instance constructor runs.

Thanks for reading.

 

;



Avnish Kumar

Avnish Kumar

.Net RESEARCH DEVELOPER
SOFTWARE DEVELOPER

Welcome, I’m Avnish Kumar, professional programmer and web developer having 3 years of experience in the field of Web/ Application Software Development. Over this Experience , , I have developed a wide range of web and Windows Applications using C#, Asp.Net, MVC, WPF,WCF, Entity Framework, HTML5/XHTML, JavaScript and SQL Server. I 'd my MCA from UPTU in 2014 then join 7th Solution as A web developer. Now currently I am working as a .Net Research Developer where I have research and develop kind of Biometrics (Face, Voice and Finger Print) Applications & IoT Applications.

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